Different Types of Gardens

Gardens are always a nice topic to discuss but it seems to be even more pleasant to talk about these days when so many of us have been inundated with snow, ice, and frigid temperatures for the past few months.  Hoping the Groundhog was correct yesterday, we can all envision and dream of the garden warmer temperatures will bring.  But what type of garden will you plant?  Tired of the doing the same thing every year?  We have some ideas.

John Fech, from the UNL Extension Service, says, “generally, a garden is a plot of ground on your acreage that is defined in a rectangular or circular shape, but it doesn’t necessarily have to be filled with vegetables. One of the benefits of living on a large piece of land is that lots of space is available to create a variety of gardens without the limitations of the size of an urban lot.”

Here are some of  Fech’s suggestions.

Herb Garden

Representative Plants – chives, rosemary, parsley, sage, oregano, lavender, basil and mint are the most common. They have gained lots of popularity with increasing interest in decreasing salt from dietary consumption.

Growing Requirements – most are full sun plants; mint, sage and parsley can take a little shade. Deep fertile soils enriched with compost are the best.

Flower or Cutting Garden

Representative Plants – rose, dahlias, liatris, goldenrod, asclepias (if you singe the cut ends of the stems), dwarf blue mist spirea, sunflower, shasta daisy, boltonia, yarrow and coreopsis. Pink turtlehead, beebalm, gaillardia, gaura and rudbeckia are also quite nice in arrangements. The key to success is planning ahead so that something is in bloom at all times.

Growing Requirements – varies by plant; be sure to read care tags closely.

Edible Landscaping

Representative Plants – blueberry, fall bearing raspberry, cabbage, peppers, broccoli, lettuce, spinach, leeks and beets. All of these are well-behaved and won’t go spreading hither and yon throughout ornamental beds.

Growing Requirements – Again, it varies by plant, but almost universally, deep fertile soils enriched with compost are the best.

Rain Gardens

Representative Plants – plumbago, turtlehead, liatris, joe-pye weed, lungwort, obedient plant, lobelia, daylily, aster and beardtongue.

Growing Requirements – properly designed, a rain garden can handle just about any set of conditions that nature throws at it; most are full sun and well drained in nature.

Vegetable Garden

Representative Plants – Here’s where room to spread is a plus; veggies such as squash, pumpkins, sweet corn, okra and sweet potato are good options.

Growing Requirements – Deep fertile soils enriched with compost are the best.

In addition to the above, consider specialty gardens that you may have visited on a trip to a historic or landmark destination. Re-creating a facsimile thereof is a great way to customize your acreage landscape and make it your own.

Themed Gardens

  • Based on color
  • Based on species
  • Heirloom garden
  • Native garden
  • Pioneer garden
  • Historic garden such as Jefferson’s garden at Monticello
  • Handicap Accessible
  • Evaluation garden –  for testing new plants
  • Demonstration garden – set up a garden to share what you know with others

If you have planted any of these types of gardens, send us your pictures and your ideas…..we would love to share it with the entire Greenwood Project community!

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