Forestry Tools – Terms for Forest Management

Forestry continues to be a hot topic for the Greenwood Project.  We regularly get questions concerning timber, timber value, and how to navigate through the forestry world.  We came across a list of terms specific to forestry and found it to be an excellent reference tool.  In the first of a multi part series, we have defined key terms used in forest management.  In the coming weeks we will be highlighting other terms related to forestry measurements and harvesting.  Follow us on facebook and find out when the next part is hot off the press!

Forest Management

Afforestation – Growing trees on land where there were none. Cost-share programs usually require that the land has not been in forest for at least several decades.

Alley Cropping – The practice of growing crops between rows of planted trees.

Agroforestry – The practice of growing trees and agricultural or horticultural crops on the same site

Best Management Practices (BMPs) – Guidelines to minimize negative impacts on the environment, such as soil erosion and water pollution, before, during, and after a timber harvest or other forest management activities.

Competition – The interaction between trees (of the same or different species) in which one will usually have an advantage and dominate or suppress the other.

Conservation Buffers – The practice of growing trees in rows to alter wind flow and protect crops, reduce erosion, improve irrigation efficiency, improve water quality, and provide habitat for wildlife.

Den Tree – A living or dead tree, often containing a cavity, used by animals for shelter, roosting, food supply or storage, or as a nursery.

Disturbance – An event that disrupts stand structure and changes the landscape; this may be natural or human-made.

Ephemeral Stream – A stream that runs intermittently in response to precipitation or snowmelt. An ephemeral stream lacks a well-defined channel.

Intermittent Stream – A stream with a well-defined channel that has water flowing during the wet season.

Mast – A food source for wildlife that is a nut, seed, or fruit produced by trees or shrubs.

Nonpoint Source Pollution – Water pollution frequently caused by water runoff from different sources and locations. Best management practices (BMPs) can be used to help control nonpoint source pollution.

Overtopping – When trees of undesirable species grow faster than those of the target species, blocking sunlight and slowing their growth.

Perennial Stream – A stream that has a well-defined channel and flows year-round, except during times of extreme drought.

Plantation – A stand of trees planted or artificially seeded and usually grown to be uniform in structure and for a specific product class.

Prescribed Burning – The use of fire, under specific conditions, to achieve a variety of management objectives, including prepping a site for planting, reducing material that could fuel fires, improving wildlife habitat, and controlling vegetation competing for forest resources.

Reforestation – Establishing forest cover through seeding or planting of seedlings on land where forests have been depleted through harvesting or failure to restock naturally.

Slash – Branches, wood chips, foliage, and other residue on the forest floor remaining after a harvesting operation.

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